Senior author Prof. Geoffrey Reed, of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, and colleagues recently reported their findings in The Lancet Psychiatry.
The American Psychological Association define transgender as an umbrella term used to describe a person “whose gender identity, gender expression or behavior does not conform to that typically associated with the sex to which they were assigned at birth.”
The ICD-10 diagnostic manual of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the American Psychiatric Association’s DSM-5 diagnostic manual both classify transgender as a mental disorder.
A mental disorder, however, is considered a condition that causes significant stress or impairment. Since many transgender individuals do not experience such problems, the classification of transgender as a mental disorder has attracted much criticism.
“The definition of transgender identity as a mental disorder has been misused to justify denial of healthcare and contributed to the perception that transgender people must be treated by psychiatric specialists, creating barriers to healthcare services,” says Prof. Reed.
“The definition has even been misused by some governments to deny self-determination and decision-making authority to transgender people in matters ranging from changing legal documents to child custody and reproduction,” he adds.
With ICD-11 – the updated diagnostic manual for the WHO – due to come into play in May 2018, Prof. Reed and colleagues decided to embark on the first ever field trial to assess the feasibility of reclassifying transgender identity. Read More from the Original Article
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